Installation of the split air conditioners is the most important and crucial aspect in the pursuit of getting best cooling from it. If it is done well, the air conditioner will give you ideal performance, but if it is not done properly it won't get the desired cooling effect and there could be maintenance issues now and then.
First things first, the installation of the split air conditioner should be done by an expert air conditioning technician and not by a layman. It requires technical knowledge and practice to become an expert at split AC installation.Various factors that one has to consider during the installation of any split air conditioners are as below:
The first step in the installation of split AC is deciding the location of the indoor and the outdoor units, only then the next important steps of the installation can be initiated. Let us the see the factors to be considered when deciding the location of these unit:
1) Indoor Unit:
Here are the important suggestions when deciding the location of indoor unit inside the room:
a) The indoor unit must be located in the room from where it can distribute the cooling evenly in the room.
b) Try to keep the indoor closer to the bed. If you don’t like the air coming to your face, kindly change the air direction towards your feet.
c) The ideal height at which the indoor unit must be installed should be about 8 to 10 feet from the floor so that that most of the chilled air is used for cooling the room and not merely for cooling the hot roof.
d) The indoor unit should be accessible easily so that one can conveniently clean the filter every fortnight.
e) If the indoor unit is installed above certain window, make sure that it is in symmetry with the window, else the unit will look shabby. The indoor unit should add to the aesthetics of the room and not to spoil the look of it.
2) Outdoor Unit:
Here are some points to consider when deciding the location of the outdoor unit:
a) The outdoor unit should be located in the open space preferable in the terrace or balcony. You may use stand or angles so that its kept above the ground level. The exhaust fan should blow out the hot air easily.
b) The location of outdoor unit should be such that it is easily accessible for carrying out the maintenance works in the AC. The installation and gas charging also should be convenient.
c) There should not be any hindrances in front of the outdoor that blocks the passage of fan air from passing to the open space. Any blockage will seriously affect the performance of the AC and may also lead to the burning of sealed compressor coil.
d) The surface on which the outdoor unit is to be installed should be hard enough to avoid any ind of vibration. The vibration of the outdoor unit will increase the noise and also lead to the breaking of the copper tubing and leakage of the refrigerant.
It is always advisable to keep the outdoor unit at the height above the indoor unit. If the outdoor unit is kept at level below the indoor, some of the compressor power is used in pumping the refrigerant against the gravity, thus reducing the overall performance of the compressor.
The refrigerant at very low temperature flows inside the tubing between indoor and the outdoor unit, and there is always some loss of refrigerant effect to the atmosphere from these tubing, hence the distance between the indoor and the outdoor unit should be kept as minimum as possible to reduce the loss of the cooling effect. The maximum distance between the indoor and the outdoor units should be about 15 meters.
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